Thursday 30 November 2017

CHINA: Enjoy Hainan Cuisine Less Spicy Or Oily

Hainan cuisine, or Hainanese cuisine, is derived from the cooking styles of the peoples of Hainan Province in China.

The food is lighter, less oily, and more mildly seasoned than that of the Chinese mainland.

Seafood predominates the menu, as shrimp, crab, and freshwater and ocean fish are widely available.

Congee, mantou and baozi are eaten for breakfast, with a noodle dish also being widely eaten.

This consists of fine, vermicelli-type noodles with various toppings and gravy.

Along with lunch and dinner, late night outdoor barbecue dishes are also served.

Dongshan lamb - This dish comes from Wanning.

The distinctive taste of mutton is noticeably absent from the dish.

The meat, actually goat, is served tender and soft, after being stewed, roasted or braised in coconut milk.

Hele crab - Hele crab originated from Hele Town near Wanning, located on the southeastern shores of Hainan.

The yellow meat of the crab has an oily texture and a strong aroma.

It is usually served with ginger and garlic in vinegar, after being steamed.

Jiaji duck - Originating from Qionghai by the Wanquan River, Jiaji duck is made from steamed or boiled duck that was previously force-fed a blend of cereal and bean curd three times daily.

Wenchang chicken - This dish, originating in Wenchang, is made from a certain type of free range chicken.

The chicken is boiled and then cut into pieces.

It is then eaten by dipping the pieces in a mixture of spices, including chopped ginger and salt.

The chicken skin is typically yellow, with an oily appearance.

Hainanese chicken rice - Also known as Hainan chicken rice, this dish is popular in Southeast Asian countries like Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand.

The dish contains the chicken and rice cooked with chicken soup instead of plain water.

Hainan rice noodles - This dish is common in Hainan.

Rice noodles are served at room temperature with various toppings, most commonly tahini and roasted peanuts, or a thick meat gravy with thin strips of bamboo.

Hainan-style hot pot - Hainan-style hot pot is normally served in a small wok with a sterno flame underneath. This dish consists of a prepared broth containing pieces of meat.

At the time of serving, the meat is not fully cooked.

Diners need to wait for approximately 15 minutes before it is ready to eat.

Items supplied to be cooked in this type of hot pot include: mushrooms, thin slices of beef, lettuce and other green vegetables.

This dish varies in different parts of Hainan.

Lingao suckling pork - This dish is from Lingao County.

Young pigs weighing approximately 10 kg are either roasted, sauteed, barbecued or steamed.

The meat is served when the skin is crisp.

Wanquan river carp - This dish is made from one of three species of carp that live in the Wanquan River, known locally as the Xijing, Phoenix Tailed and Quan.

It is prepared in a variety of ways, with steaming and stewing being the most popular.

Wenquan goose - A hybrid species of goose is used for this dish.

They are fattened on a mixture that includes bran and silage.

Tourism Observer

TANZANIA: You Can Help People With Albinisim

Zuwena and four of her precious girls, with a UTSS worker.

Zuwena is a single mother with five daughters who lives in Mwanza. Three of her young girls have albinism.

Abandoned by her husband, Zuwena had to work long hours as a seamstress to support her children.

She left her kids with a nanny who took care of them while she was at work.

When her neighbors noticed a strange man lurking outside of Zuwena’s home, where two of her girls – Fatuma and Rehema – played one day after school, they grew suspicious.

One neighbor hid nearby to keep an eye on the situation.

Another ran to get the community officer in charge of safety.

When the stranger noticed, he fled.

But he showed up later at a bar, asking questions about Zuwena and her girls and alarmingly, showing off a machete he carried with him.

There was little doubt that he intended to harm the little girls.

The police were called and immediately realized the danger.

That’s because they had attended Understanding Albinism seminars given by Under The Same Sun in the area.

They understood how vulnerable Zuwena’s children were, and became suspicious of the nanny.

They went to visit Zuwena at her work to alert her of the danger.

Zuwena sent her nanny away and her children survived this ordeal.

What we believe was intended to be an abduction or a direct attack was thwarted because of the vigilance and compassion of the neighbors and the police.

Today, Zuwena is part of our Mamas Group in Mwanza.

She and her children are receiving the support they need. And through training she is educating others to understand albinism.

Under The Same Sun sees it all the time: When people know better they do better!

When people learn the facts about albinism through our Understanding Albinism seminars they become informed and more compassionate, and often help fight to protect the girls and boys and women and men with albinism in their communities.

This kind of community action is what saves lives and discourages would-be criminals.

Would you consider making a gift for Giving Tuesday so more lives can be saved?

With your help, we will take our Understanding Albinism seminars to a new level and into many new communities in the coming months.

Here’s what your gift will make possible:

- Blanketing more towns and cities than ever before with the truth about albinism through Understanding Albinism seminars. It’s proven! They dispel the dehumanizing myths that lead to attacks.

- Live public theatre presentations, put on by local young people, that really work to educate people and increase compassion for people with albinism.

- Print ads, interactive radio programs and a new social media push to reach an even wider audience in Tanzania.

- And…for the first time, a National Albinism Hotline will be set up, so that anyone can anonymously call to report suspicious activity and get immediate help!

If you want to help save lives like Fatuma and Rehema’s please make a gift before midnight tomorrow – Giving Tuesday. Your generosity will be multiplied 9 times by a US government grant to make an ever greater impact!


Under The Same Sun is a Registered Charity. All donations are deductible for income tax purposes in Canada and the USA. 100% of your donations go directly to programs in Tanzania. All administration costs are covered by a generous benefactor.
Canadian Charitable #: 851599860 RR0001
US: EIN 68-0680719

Tourism Observer

CHINA: Sanya Is China's Hawaii,International Driving Licenses Not Valid, Be Wary Of Pick Pocketing And Bag Snatching.

Sanya is on the southernmost point of China, at the tip of Hainan island.

Nicknamed China's Hawaii, Sanya has 20km long stretches of beach. As the only tropical city across the coastline, it is definitely booming and packed with a lot of water sports such as snorkeling and jet-skiing, rainforest hiking, and innumerable hotels ranging from zero to five stars.

Sanya is the southernmost city on Hainan Island, and one of the four prefecture-level cities of Hainan Province, in Southeast China.

According to the 2010 Census, the population of Sanya is of 685,408 inhabitants,living in an area of 1,919.58 square kilometres (741.15 sq mi).

The city is renowned for its tropical climate and has emerged as a popular tourist destination, also serving as the training site of the Chinese national beach volleyball team.

The city has become known as China's Florida, drawing a large number of retirees from Northeast China during winter. Sanya is home to small concentrations of Utsul people.

Sanya lies at the southern tip of Hainan Island at Sanya Bay, and, after Sansha also administered by Hainan Province, is the second-southernmost prefecture-level city nationally.

Located at 18° 15' N latitude, it is about as far north of the Equator as the Island of Hawaii is.

Though the administrative area of Sanya City has a rough topography, the city itself is generally flat, lying on a parcel of land between low-level mountains to the north and the South China Sea.

The area has a tropical wet and dry climate featuring very warm weather all year around. Monsoonal influences are strong, with a relatively lengthy wet season and a pronounced dry season.

The coolest month is January, at 21.6 °C (70.9 °F), while the hottest, unlike much of the rest of China, is June, at 28.8 °C (83.8 °F); the annual mean is 25.8 °C (78.4 °F). Water temperatures remain above 20 °C (68 °F) year-round.

In recent years Sanya has become a popular tourist destination.Numerous international hotel chains are now established in the area. In 2009 the luxury Mandarin Oriental hotel group opened in the Dadong Hai area of Sanya, their first property in mainland China.

There are now over 100 hotels, ranging from international brands to locally managed resorts.

Russian and English signs can be seen throughout the city. Restaurants in Sanya are also infamous for over-charging tourists whether foreign or Chinese.

However, due to the recent exposure of this practice posted on the micro-blogging site Sina Weibo, Hainan government officials and Sanya city officials have vowed to crack down on this practice.

The Sanya Industrial and Commercial Bureau has also begun to implement an open and transparent real-time information system of the city’s seafood restaurants during the May Day holiday for public supervision in order to stop any future price gouging by restaurants.

Sanya is facing a few challenges as it continues to expand at a rapid rate:

- lack of infrastructure to support tourism

- difficulty in reaching the location due to limited flights and airport capacity

- sound pollution

- traffic and road safety

- pollution of the beaches

- shortage of quality hospitality talent.

Nature reserves of Yalong Bay Tropic Paradise Forest Park, and Sanya Coral Reef National Nature Reserve are located nearby Yalong Bay, and Yalong Bay National Tourism Holiday Resort was created.

In recent years, as the waters of Sanya Bay and others below mentioned are becoming clearer and healthier, several species of dolphins, including endangered Chinese white dolphins, appear along the coasts from time to time.

However, they have not been considered as targeted tourism attractions.


- The Guan Yin of the South Sea of Sanya, a 108 m (354 ft) Buddhist statue, completed in May 2005 and one of the tallest statues in the world and the adjoining Nanshan Temple.

- Yalong Bay, a 7.5 km (4.7 mi) major tourist beach located east of Sanya City.

- Tianya Haijiao, The ends of the earth and the corners of the sea.

- Deer Turning Head Park or Luhuitou Park - A park containing a large stone statue above Sanya harbour telling the story of a hunter pursuing a deer to an isolated headland near the sea. When the deer could not escape, it turned to look at the hunter and became a beautiful woman.

The hunter could not kill the deer and instead fell in love with her. People leave a padlock on a chain at the top of the mountain in the hope that their love will last as long as the lock remains.

- Dadonghai, Sanya, Haitang, and Yazhou, and Xiangshuiwan Bay are the five major bays in Sanya, Xiangshuiwan Bay remains the most beautiful and natural near the famous Nuilin Mountain.

- Butterfly Valley and a shell aquarium.

- Phoenix Island, an artificial archipelago resort Sanya Bay

- Wuzhizhou Island

- West Island

- Daxiao Dongtian, also known as the Fairy Caves

- The Tiger and Crocodile centre.

- Nanshan Temple

- Luobi Cave, an ancient karst cave 15 km (9.3 mi) north of Sanya

- Lingshui/Xiangshui Li'an Ocean Harbor Theme Park is projected for 2013. It will be the largest water park in Asia

The city is served by Sanya Phoenix International Airport. Taxis are available throughout the city.

Buses from other parts of Hainan serve Sanya's bus terminal. The No. 8 bus connects the airport to Dadonghai Beach. From there tourists can take the 24 or 25 bus to Yalong Bay or the 28 bus to Haitang Bay.

There is also a free bus from Luhuitou Square to the Duty-Free Shopping Center at Haitang Bay, the largest such center in China.

The Hainan East Ring Intercity Rail links Sanya and Haikou, and runs along the east coast of Hainan Island. There are 15 stations in between, either in operation or still under construction. Trains are designed to travel at 250 km/h (160 mph).

Travel time from Sanya to Haikou is approximately 1 hour and 22 minutes. The Hainan Western Ring High-Speed Railway, running along the west coast of the province also links Sanya to Haikou.

Sanya city has hosted:

- Boao Forum for Asia Annual high level forums for world leaders focused on the Asian region and its stakeholders.

- 2014 WTTC Global Summit Keynote speakers: Kofi Annan, Jeffrey Katzenberg, Dame DeAnne Julius, Yao Ming

- 2011–12 Volvo Ocean Race Leg 4 Start to Auckland

- 2011 BRICS summit

- Elite Model Look in 2008 and 2009

- Miss World contest in 2003, 2004, 2005, 2007, 2010, 2015 and 2017

- Mister World contest in 2007

- World's Strongest Man contest in 2006 and 2013

- 2012 Sanya International Beach Musical Festival.

- 2013 ITF Women's Circuit – Sanya

- 2014–15 Volvo Ocean Race In-port race and Leg 4 Start to Auckland

With sunshine all year around, temperatures hover around 25*C even in January and 30*C in the summer time.

Its islands and beaches are beautiful and the water in Yalong Bay and Dadonghai are clean enough to have a good swim, but you may also want to head to Wuzhizhou Island or further north to visit unspoiled and natural scenery.

While tourists come in every season, the peak season starts from 1 October to the end of winter. During the winter, Sanya is a popular escape for Russians who primarily stay at Dadong Hai and Northern Chinese to escape freezing weather.

In the Chinese New Year, the city will be flooded with tourists and expect everything to be extremely expensive.

As the southernmost city in China, Sanya along with Yangshuo often serves as the last stop for backpackers who wish to spend the remaining days of their visa in China.

Sanya Bay Beach - stretches around 25 kilometers, but being a public beach it can get very crowded and dirty in particular during CNY and other peak seasons. It is lined with seafood restaurants and both local and international hotels.

Sanya city - a rapidly evolving city, struggling to keep up with the pace of its development. The main streets can be an assault to the senses with scooters ignoring red lights, buses, cars and taxis beeping and pedestrians competing to get ahead.

Locals seem unfazed by all the commotion and are warm and friendly if you make a little effort. You will see locals dancing along the beach in the evenings, and a range of people selling souvenirs, street food and fairground games.

A must visit is the #1 Market, checkout the fresh local produce, kitchen/homewares, seafood and even pearl vendors. In the evening cross the Sanya River to reach a less touristy, cheaper, and fun part of town. Times Coast complex is lined with lively KTV lounges, bars and dance clubs.

DadongHai - Sanya visitors favorite meeting place, it has a good range of stand alone restaurants, cafes and bars. The bars along the beach are lively and cater for both Chinese and foreigners, particularly Russian tourists.

Summer Mall, is the place to go for imported food products, but expect to pay higher prices.

Serenity Coast or Banshanbandao - Extensive residential and resort complex with several international hotels, a world-class yacht club, Luihuito Golf Course, and the Sanya International School complex opened 2014.

Yalong Bay - is a 7.5 kilometer stretch of beach, located 40 minutes from the airport and easily accessible on the high speed train, via Yalong Bay station. The area has been developed into a high end holiday destination with luxury resorts, golf courses, restaurants, and a new marina.

The beach is well maintained and attracts high profile guests and residents. Definitely worth a visit, but be prepared for pay a premium compared to other parts of Sanya.

Haitang Bay - An up and coming development covering 42.8 kilometers of beach. This area has many international hotels slated to open in the next few years. It is 35 minutes away from Phoenix International airport by G98 Highway, and is home of the largest duty free shopping mall in China.

Several luxurious resorts of note are already operating as well as a multiplex and show center.

Sanya has an airport with flights to most major Chinese cities such as Guangzhou, Shanghai and internationally Taipei, Hong Kong, Singapore, Busan, Kuala Lumpur, Penang, Ho Chi Min City, Seoul, Bangkok and Kuala Lumpur.

Fares vary significantly, as some flights are seasonal charter air routes. You may be able to get some flexibility by taking a bullet train to Haikou and flying out of the provincial capital's larger airport.

The Meilan high-speed rail station is in the same building complex with Haikou's international airport. For intercity bus, ticket and overnight lodging can exceed the difference and you should account for travelling 3-4 hours each direction.

In addition to the bus, you will easily be able to find taxis that will take you between the two cities, for between 350 and 500 yuan per car.

Although strictly illegal, you can find drivers that are courteous, safe and reliable, although this is much more difficult without being able to speak at least basic Chinese. To get into Sanya city, take bus no 8 from the airport, which goes to Jiefang road and #1 market.

Fare is 5 yuan, pay in cash directly to the conductor on the bus. There are several bus routes from the airport, check with your hotel for the right one.

Star Cruises operates year round cruises travelling to Hong Kong and Halong Bay.

The 3.5 hour bus ride from Haikou East Bus Station will cost about ¥80 takes around 4 hours. Buses between Haikou and Sanya depart about every 30 minutes; the last bus from Sanya to Haikou departs around 11PM.

Sanya's bus station is along Jie Fang Lu, a few steps south away from McDonalds of the east end of Shopping Street.

Sanya can be reached directly by train from Beijing (35 hours), Shanghai (36 hours) and Guangzhou (15 hours). The whole train is loaded on to a ferry for the journey from mainland China to the Island, then continues its journey around the west coast as far as Sanya.

As trains leaving the island originate in Sanya, tickets from this smaller town are easier to obtain than if leaving from Haikou.

High-speed train connect all major cities and towns on the eastern coast. It takes 1.5 to 2 hours from Haikou, travels up to 250 km/h. There is a stop at Yalong Bay, Sanya, and Phoenix Airport. Be careful to check the service is stopping at your desired station, there are many express trains.

The new train station in Sanya is far from downtown, approximately as far as the airport. A taxi to Dadong Hai, the most popular tourist area is approximately ¥25-30. A public bus will cost ¥1. Lines 2 and 4 lead through Sanya city proper and continue through and past Dadong Hai.

Many people stay in beach areas with more-or-less everything within walking distance. Darting in, around, and between Sanya city and Dadong Hai is best done by the city bus lines 2 fastest or 4 adds some stops around Sanya River for ¥1.

The buses run along Sanya city's Jiefang Road, which is the street McDonald's is on, and hit Dadong Bay at Luling Road, just one stop past the Deer Turns Head Square.

Taxi fare starts from ¥8 for the first 2 kilometers, and ¥2 for each additional kilometer. Due to the cheap fare, taxi drivers like to hover around anywhere outside the downtown to avoid short-ride passengers. This makes getting a taxi in the downtown a bit difficult.

Taxis are quite well regulated and they are mostly okay with using a meter, but drivers are mainly immigrant workers who may not be familiar with every place. Some of them also try to fool tourists that the place they want to go is closed, and try to take you farther.

Another problem is that since Sanya is only crowded during winter, there are enough taxis to go around. And the government doesn't hire more taxis because during the summer, there would be too many taxis and the drivers would not make any money.

To help with this problem, the government has commissioned another class of yellow taxis that can hailed by phone. Dial 96789 tell them your location and they will pick you up if there is a car nearby you and the rates are the same as regular taxis.

During peak season they might add ¥5 to your fare.

There are also numerous motorcycle and sidecar taxis. You must negotiate the price before leaving. Prices are slightly lower then regulated taxis but it depends on your negotiating skills and knowing what the locals pay for the same trip distance.

For trips farther out of town, you can buy bus tickets at Sanya city's bus station or just hail buses on the road that runs along Sanya's beach.

Tickets to most destinations will be ¥1-30. You could also hire a van with or without an English speaking guide from hotels or people with white and blue displays on the streets of Sanya City or Dadong Bay.

If choosing to go with a Chinese tour group, beware that there may likely be several hours of scheduled stops at infomercial centers, complete with microphone delivered advertisements.

You can also rent an electric motorbike or a car of your own. There are several places to do this, One service provider is called TAILG, address is around #130 on Jiefang St. Prices: for an electric bike ¥50 per day ¥1800 refundable deposit, no driving license needed.

Car prices vary depending on the model. Petrol motorbikes are almost impossible to rent in Sanya. However, any driver who is not familiar with the traffic norms in Sanya should think twice about renting a motorbike.

Traffic rules are practiced half-heartedly and road condition can be dangerous even if you are a good disciplined driver.

When you crash into a pedestrian, you as a driver are likely the one to pay the compensation. Also electric motorbikes may need frequent recharging if the battery is in poor condition.

When renting a car or petrol motorcycle, you need a valid chinese driving licence,International Licenses are not valid.

There is no exemption to this rule and you can be jailed for up to 15 days by driving without a license. In most cases, you will be fine without it, but in the event of an accident, this will be a major issue. If renting an electric motorbike, no driving license is required.
Dadong Sea or Dadonghai). Dadong Sea has Sanya's best balance between development and natural beauty.

The town behind Dadong Bay is more expensive than Sanya, but has better restaurants and a gorgeous beach. The shopping, however, is not as good as Sanya city's.

The ocean has algae blooms that vary the water from thick green to tropically clear. However, even when tropically clear the ocean bed is just sand with a rare school of fish or eel.

See the beach both in the morning, at sunset sets gorgeously over the hills, and at night when people are very scarce. Check out the trails that lead between tide pools along the Westernmost rocks of the beach.

The tip of the trail has a dramatic view of the ocean and a deep and deadly ocean cave. Several locations and service providers have signage in Russian.

Sea Turtles 911. The only non-profit organization promoting sea turtle conservation in China, Sea Turtles 911's primary facility is a floating sea turtle hospital in Xincun, Lingshui beside Nanwan Monkey Island, as well as programs in Sanya and Haikou.

While on Hainan Island visitors are welcome to volunteer with the sea turtles and the organization's educational programs.

Nanwan Monkey Island. From Sanya, take the Lingshui bound bus from the bus station 19 CNY, about 2 hrs. In Lingshui, exit the bus station and walk across the street. Take the right side of this street and walk until you get to the bus stop beside the hospital.

Wait for the Xīncūn bus 5 CNY, about 30 mins and ride it to the end of the line. Once you get off the bus in Xincun, ignore the people trying to sell you rides to Monkey Island. Simply walk straight down the road and turn left at the end.

The park entrance will be about 50 meters on the right. Take one of the D-class trains departing from Sanya Railway Station to LingShui (25mins).

Cost is CNY18.5 for a 2nd class seat, CNY23.5 for first class. Take a taxi from LingShui station to the ticketing center,they will know where it is.

Takes about 20-30 mins and should cost around 50RMB. New price for Monkey Island is about ¥150, now,which includes the required gondola ride into the park.

In my opinion, it's not worth the trip,too expensive; not worth the day's effort; not enough to do or see on the island. There are a few monkeys around to see, but the monkey circus is a disgusting display of animal cruelty.

They whip and are violent with the animals monkeys, pony, bear, etc, forcing them to do the same repetitive show over and over all day. Animal slaves. Anyway, the last bus from Lingshui to Sanya in 18 20; the last train is much later,maybe around 2100hrs.

Sanya Nanshan Temple. Purposefully-constructed tourist trap began in 1998 with a gigantic statue of Guanyin the Goddess of Mercy on a sea-top platform. The park has few interesting spots,save a monastery bells that you can gong but demands a hefty entrance fee over ¥150.

A trolley car can shuttle you around the park for extra cash, but it is best enjoyed without the trolley as it really is not that big. Nanshan is about an hour outside of Sanya city by city bus, which can be grabbed at the bus station or along the city's beach-side roadway.

The surrounding countryside is much more interesting than the park itself, which is a must-miss.

Xisha Archipelago. Gorgeous, remote, and brimming with tropical life, one of this chain of islands was formerly on exotic vacation spot that is now off-limits to travelers, reportedly due to territorial disputes.

Wuzhizhou Island. A popular spot for snorkeling and scuba diving, this island has fallen victim to it is popularity. Water is less clear and fish less plentiful than before, so choose dates and times to maximize visibility when visiting. Scuba diving will cost around ¥400-500.

Snorkeling is strictly regulated, only allowed in designated areas, and only with snorkel companies. Swimming is also confined to a small, roped-off section of the island. Swimming in 99% of the island is strictly forbidden. Signs and patrolling guards will ensure compliance.

Take bus 28 from Sanya (12 yuan) to the end of the line, then walk forward 200 meters to the parking lot entrace to your left to buy boat tickets (168 yuan).

Perfume Bay, Two hours from Sanya by bus tickets less than ¥30 plus a 100m walk from the freeway. Ignore all motorbike offers, or pay less than ¥4 per person.

This stretch of beach is rather undeveloped and thus delightfully peaceful,it will probably be only you for a good kilometer on either side.

Visiting here is a delightful and mind-cleaning day trip, especially if joined with some hiking around the surrounding farms. Watch out for strong rip tides and pack snacks.

Betel Nut Ethnic Minorities Park. Hainan is home to a large population of ethnic minorities, predominantly the Li and Miao Ethnic Groups, and you can find out more about them at this park, about 30km outside of Sanya.

The park is very commercial with a large number of shops, snacks for sale and paid opportunities for photographs with locals in traditional costumes or with indigenous animals.

Despite this, it appears that there has been a genuine attempt to show the traditional life and customs of the two minorities, and the park appears less tacky than some other similar attractions elsewhere in China.

It is probably also a relatively good way for money to be returned to the local community. There is a steep entrance fee,approximately ¥150 per person but the park is huge and there are a wide variety of shows.

It will take you 3-4 hours to see in its entirety. Be prepared though to fight your way through Chinese tour groups shouting Blong as often as they can, the Miao word for hello, and try to eat before you leave as the restaurants outside the park are overpriced.

Rental of a taxi from Sanya and backshould cost approximately ¥200 including the wait in between, but you should negotiate this with the driver before departing.

There are also one-day tours on offer in all the hotels, which will offer a discount on the overall price of transportation and entrance tickets.

You will be constrained to the timing of the rest of the group and may have several commercial stops on the journey there and back as well as within the park. The park has excellent signposting in English.

Yanoda Rainforest Cultural Tourism Zone, 35km from Sanya take the road towards Wuzhishan Five Fingered Mountain. Yanoda, meaning 123 in Hainanese, is a newly developed rainforest park, well organised and nicely landscaped.

An inner bus takes groups to the start point which also has a great view of Chitian reservoir. Wooden paths then take you on a 40 minute hike up a forest valley, past 1000 year old trees that have grown around rocks, with optional light absailing and rope river crossing.

At the top, you enter a landscaped lakeside park with lotuses, colourful flowers and a canteen offering a nourishing herbal buffet,mostly for tour groups. The path continues up into the hills, past labelled jungle trees with huge palms overhead.

This park is fairly good value, and in keeping with its subject matter, reasonably natural. At least you know the developers couldn't have manouvered the hefty trees into place, even for the reputed price of ¥3 billion that the park cost to civilize.

Poor signposting in English, especially for the flora and fauna. ¥40 tour or ¥170 individual entrance prices.

Tianya Haijiao - Edges of the heaven, corners of the sea, 30 minutes from Sanya by bus number 25.

There is nothing to see but a few rocks in the sea with Chinese characters. The beach itself is not really beautiful, but famously alluded to by various ancient Chinese writers. ¥70 and ¥35 for students.

Sunrise Rock. It is located on the cliff in the southeast of the island. Standing on the rock, you can get a bird's view of the whole island and the South China Sea. The Guanri Rock is like a natural stone Buddha facing to the sea. It is also like a huge turtle crawling to the vast ocean.

The rock is an ideal place for you to enjoy the sunrise.

Luhuitou Park, Pronounced Loo Hway Toe Park, or Deer Looks Back Park,on top of the mountain in Sanya where all the green lasers are shooting out from, take the road toward Da Dong Hai, turn make a right on Li Ling Road, then go up the hill until you get the the ticket booth.

From there you can either walk up the rest of the way or pay for a shuttle. close 11:30pm. This is one of the tourist attractions in Sanya. On top of one of the tallest mountains in Sanya stands a statue of a deer looking back, flanked by a Li boy and a Li Girl.

The legend goes that the boy was hunting the deer until the deer approaches a cliff, looks back, and magically turns into a beautiful girl and they fall in love. This place symbolizes young couples falling in love.

At night you will see green lasers shooting out from near the statue that is visible from all over Sanya. Beneath the statue is an outdoor barbecue seating area that closes at 11:30pm. You will see wild monkeys that take food from humans as well.

On the back of your ticket, you will see a map of the park so you can guide yourself. There is an abandoned roller coast up here as well. You will see the rusting tracks and closed off entrance area.

There is also a wall with chains on it where you can buy a padlock with your names written on it and have your padlocked locked to the chain to symbolize that your love is forever. Or until the lock breaks. ¥45 entrance, ¥15 option shuttle.

Ease in to island life with a spa treatment at one of the many award winning venues in Sanya. Please note visiting a spa, like most things in Sanya, is not for the budget conscious.

You are looking at a starting price of 400RMB for a basic massage, but with the beautiful settings and well trained therapists you don't want to miss out on indulging at least once.

Some visitors book treatments before hotel checkin if they arrive on an early flight before their room becomes available or after the check out to give them a relaxing way to kill time before heading back home, this is by far the best option as there isn't much to do at the airport. You must book in advance, walkins are not very common.

The Spa at Mandarin Oriental, 12 Yuhai Road, Dadong Hai. 10am-10pm. Highly recommended for those who want to try TCM in a luxury resort setting, they offer: Chinese doctor consultation, acupuncture, cupping, moxibustion, scrubs, wraps and massages.

If you stick to the traditional treatments,the spa uses aromatherapy associates as their product.

Mandara Spa at Sheraton Yalong Bay. 10am-11pm. This beautiful spa was designed by the famous Bensley Design Studios and you will feel like you've stepped into a Thai fairytale. Even if you are not staying in Yalong Bay, a treatment here is worth the trip. Aromatheraphy massage ¥780.

Sanya is home to numerous world class golf courses, suitable for beginners and several demanding golf courses for more experienced players.

International tournaments are regularly hosted in Sanya golfing venues. Hotels can offer weekly packages where you can golf every day on a different course.

- Yalong Bay Golf Club.

- Mystic Spring Golf Club Haitang Bay.

- Sun Valley Golf Resort.

- Sanya Luhuitou Golf Club.

- Dragon Valley Golf Club.

- Surfing

Hainan is China's only destination with consistent, year round surf. In the summer, the south winds bring waves to Sanya's south-facing beaches.

In the fall through winter, the peak surf season, Hainan's east coast is the place to go. Hainan does not offer world-class waves, but it offers fairly consistent tropical surf, which is almost completely empty. If you are new to surfing, there are a number of companies to contact.

Sanya Surf Circus, Dadonhai Beach, Sanya. 10:00am-12:00pm. Sanya Surf Circus was founded in May 2012 by three Italian men and Darci a surf expert with the distinction of being China’s first professional surfer, a certified ISA Surfing Instructor, and a member of the Swatch Pro Team.

Sanya Surf Circus is a surf club with surfboard and SUP lessons and rentals, as well as a full restaurant and bar on the beach, with a complete bar and food menu featuring imported and local beer, and traditional Italian food including pizza, pasta, sandwiches, salads, and more.

Insight Adventures. Insight Adventures are the largest operator in Hainan and offer surf lessons and rentals, as well as many other outdoor activities such as kayaking, biking, snorkelling and stand up paddle boards.

Insight offer safety certified instructors, first aid equipment, sun-protection utilities and English or Chinese guides.
Riyue Bay Surf Club, Riyue Bay. 1 Lesson ¥400, 3 Lessons ¥1,080 & 6 Lessons ¥2000.

Sanya is a popular destination for pro-amateur bikers who are eager to hover around the whole island. However, almost all bikers take their own bike. Bike rental service is not as omnipresent as other touristy places such as Yangshuo or Lijiang.

Most bike shops are located at Sanya Hexi Lu - Sanya River East Road, you need to pay Y1000 for deposit and prices start from Y40 for 1 day hiring. Several hostels also have a bike rental service.

A route from Dadonghai to Yalong bay, then to Haitong Bay has a well-constructed, lit and smooth road which stretches over 30KM and make it ideal to ride.

However, the urban area of Sanya has some of the worst traffic in China and the local police are notorious for being impotent on cracking down traffic violations.

Yalong Bay, Dadong Bay, Haitang Bay and Sanya Bay all have a collection of jet skiing, parasailing, paragliding, snorkeling, scuba diving, glass-bottomed boat, and beach ATV enterprises.

Prices aren't generally very negotiable save for scuba and snorkeling, but duration of the ride, however, can. Do not go too cheap on scuba, for obvious safety reasons. the only certified PADI is located at the Serenity Coast marina.

In Sanya, you may more likely do more walking than hiking. With its pretty flat landscape and well-developed roads, hiking is not particular popular among tourists.

Hikers often take a bus in the Sanya Bus Station at Jiefang Road and head to Wuzhishan to start their hiking tour. The 90-minute bus is available every hour from 7:00 to 16:00 and fare is around Y16.

With such a beautiful environment, relaxing on the beach and studying Mandarin Chinese is a fun and productive activity for those with more time. It's also easier to focus on the studying without the distractions of the big cities.

Sanya University, Sanya University, Xueyuan Rd., Yingbin Ave. Sanya Hainan 572022 P. R. China. Sanya University is an independent undergraduate university located in Sanya, Hainan Province.

The University has fourteen schools: Social Development, Law, Finance and Economics, Management, Tourism Management, Humanities and Communication, Arts, Foreign Languages, Engineering, Physical Education, General Education & Foundation Courses, International Tourism, International Education and Music etc. and offers 56 undergraduate majors.

Qiongzhou University, 1 Yucai Road, Sanya, 572022, P.R. China. The only public university located in Sanya, The fall semester begins in September and the spring semester begins in March.

The application deadline is three months before the start of the semester -March 1st to July 10th (Spring Semester) September 1st, 2010 to January 20th, 2011. (Fall Semester) Courses Offered to International Students:

1. Elementary Chinese, intermediate Chinese, Advanced Chinese (Listening, Speaking, Reading and Writing)

2. English, Russian (Listening, Speaking, Reading and Writing)

3. Chinese calligraphy and painting, Chinese Kongfu, Chinese History, Studies of Li and Miao Cultures

4. Tourism and Recreational Management 5. Music Performance

Teach/Learn English, English Corner, Jie Fang Lu near Mingzhu Square, opposite the shopping center ,it's on the 3rd floor on a police station, once you are on Jie Fang Lu, you will see an Arch with about 5 or 6 flags on top, go through the arch and you will see a police station on your right.

Go to the 3rd floor. After you arrive on the 3rd floor, make a left, you will find the English Corner in a kindergarten room on your left. If you see any white guys in the room, then you are in the right place. There are no signs. Wednesday, 8pm-10pm.

Locals meet here to practice English with each other, expats occasionally visit as well. The level of English varies but is generally good enough for conversation. Good to get inside information on Sanya, many of them will be happy to show you around for a chance to speak some English.

The area produces pearls in abundance and they are sold everywhere. Prices are highly negotiable; overcharging tourists is common. Tour guides get a fat often 50% commission for bringing tourists to pearl shops; try to go without one and beat the price down.

Coconut powders and teas are also popular Chinese buys, but for Westerners looking for something less commercially produced the cone-shaped hats that women wear here with pictures inscribed are only 5 RMB at The First Market in Sanya city. Lines 2 and 4 have a stop there.

Don't head into the department store; instead, stick to the side of it and walk down the road filled with small shops and street vendors.

Corner Deli, At Summer Mall, fifth floor of south end, in Dadonghai. Offers a wide range of imported food and drinks. For anyone living in China and wanting to take back a few western groceries that can't normally be found, this small deli is worth the trip.

China Duty Free (CDF). The government set up a duty free shopping center for luxury goods in Sanya. Here you can buy all the Gucci, LV, etc. to your hearts content. You need proof of a plane ticket leaving Hainan and you must pick up your goods at the airport when you leave.

Please note there is an 8,000 yuan per customer spending limit

Summer Mall, Xiari Baihuo, Dadong Hai, Yuya Lu. 10:00am-11:00pm.

No1 Harbour City Mall or Pineapple Mall, No.168 Yuya Rd, Dadong Hai. New mall, with Macdonalds, Coffee Time, Supermarket, bookstore, hair salon, many korean restaurants and more

Jinrun Mall (Jinrun Haoting), No.100 Hexi Lu & Xinfeng Lu. New mall, with Macdonalds, Starbucks, Supermarket, Authorized Apple reseller, hair salon

Mingzhu Square, No 668 Jiefang 3rd Rd, Sanya.

Wang Hao Supermarket, 1 JieFang Lu & Walking Street.

Watsons, Various locations in Sanya along Jiefeng Lu & Yuya Lu.

Yalong Bay Outlet Mall. The biggest outlet mall in sanya: Michael Kors, Zara, Nike, Samsonite, Rip Curl, Lee Jeans, I.T., and plenty more. Also has a supermarket, Subway sandwiches, Starbucks, Italian Gelateria, Sweetish Cafe, and other restaurants. New and better priced than La Floret.

There are plenty of good restaurants, including many Sichuan places and some Cantonese. There are two McDonald's at Pineapple Mall Dadonghai & on pedestrian street at Jiefang Erlu, Several Burger Kings at JieFang Lu, La Floret Yalong Bay, Domestic Airport Sanya.

Four branches of KFC at 105 Jiefang Lu; Duojialian; 63 Guoxing Dadao; Renmin Lu. Seafood is a beach city's speciality.

Inspect the tanks for freshness before eating and beware of the different charges that are often handled by different people at the restaurant fishery, cooking fee, and sitting fee can be separate. Shellfish go for ¥10-25 per jin (half kilo).

No. 1 Agricultural Products Market, Xinjian Street # 155. close midnight. This is not a restaurant, but a live seafood supermarket, and it's worth mentioning because of its popularity. You buy seafood here, take it across the street around the corner and all the restaurants will cook the food for you.

They have seafood, poultry, lamb, pork - almost anything you can think of besides beef. As you are shopping for food, you will get approached by touts that give you a business card with their price list for cooking your food for you.

If you agree, after you finish buying, they will take you to their restaurant around the corner and prepare the food for you. If you want to eat seafood but don't want to pay the outrageous prices at seafood restaurants, this is a great option. Varies.

Aqua, No.128, North Haitang Road, Haitang Bay. Only open for Dinner. Great ambience, its specialty are seafood & steak, An indoor enclosed restaurant offering spectacular views of sea creatures.

Baan Rim Nam at Anantara Hotel Sanya, No. 6 Xiaodonghai Road, Hedong District, Sanya, 572000 BanShanBanDao, next to Intercontinental Hotel.

Lunch 12-3pm Dinner 6-11pm. The most authentic Thai restaurant in Sanya, great for a romantic night not a cheap restaurant even for Sanya standards but well worth the trip as the Chef is Thai and the food is as close to Bangkok as you get in Hainan.

The One Chinese Restaurant, Pullman Sanya Bay Hotel No 158 Sanya Bay Road,5 minutes away from Sanya Airport. Lunch 11:00-14:00 Dinner 17:30-22:00. Cantonese style cuisine & daily Dim Sum.

Burger King, Phoenix Domestic Airport.

Ban Kee a Singapore Restaurant, 110 Tuanjie Lu. Tucked away on the side street next to Wang Hao super market- and close to the Hospital on Tuanjie Street. This Singaporean restaurant, offers the best Laksa in Sanya and other hawker centre favorites.

Also on Tuanjie Street head across to cafe Lan 43 for a drink.

Casa Mia, No 88 Sanyawan Rd (Lansehaian) Sanya Wan. Authentic Italian'

Continental Restaurant, 5 Hai Yun Road. The Continental Restaurant serves a wide variety of food at very reasonable prices. Soups, salads, western food, chinese food, the variety and decor make this a nice dining experience.

Dolphin Sports Bar & Grill, 99 Yuya Road, Dadonghai, Tell the cab driver to drop you off 100 metres before Summer Mall in dadonghai, and look across the main road, between a couple of russian retails you'll spot it.

Western restaurant and sports bar with a wide selection of Western favorites such as soups, salads, pasta, Tex-Mex, sandwiches, burgers and much more. There are usually good specials on imported beers and international cocktails.

Check with the manager and he can probably make something off the menu for a reasonable price. Very friendly environment with countless big screen TV's showing all major sporting event listings. Also has typical bar games: pool, darts, foosball, etc. Meals ¥30-100.

Double Happiness Restaurant, Jinru Mall, Hexi Lu,6fl, 100 Hexi Lu, Sanya City. Cantonese Hong Kong based chain of restaurants, with another branch close to No1 market, called Pleasant.

Very popular with Hong Kong expats in Sanya, has private rooms but beware people smoke inside the restaurant. Reasonable prices.

Hutaoli, Behind Pizza Hut,Visun Mall, Yuya Lu. 11:00-14:00/17:00-21:00. Great atmosphere, dishes are between 20-100RMB. Within walking distance of Bar street on Yuya Lu.

Mee & Mian at Mandarin Oriental Hotel Sanya. 11:30 – 5:30pm. Casual Noodle Bar.

Park Hyatt Sanya Sunny Bay, 5 Sunny Bay Road, Sunny Bay Yalong Bay National Reserve District. Hyatt's are famous for their restaurants and food and beverage concepts, particularly in Asia. The Park Hyatt Sanya being their most luxurious brand doesn't disappoint. Top score in Sanya.
Pizza Corner, Herton Hotel at Dadonghai Beach-1st floor,Opposite Resort and Time Hotel. 10:30AM-11:00 PM. Combo store with Coffee World. Offers pizza, pastas, salads, soups and the tastiest BBQ chicken wings in Hainan. Dining on a lovely balcony which overlooks Dadonghai Beach.

The restaurant delivers to customers within a 5 mile radius of Dadonghai Beach. English is spoken. Moderate price.

Wanjunlong, Yuejin Street #86,Corner of Shengli Road and Yuejin Street. close when sun comes up. Popular place for late night barbecue and beer. Not as big as Shangping Road, but a good alternative if you get sick of shangping road. various.

Hainan is famous for Wenchang chicken or Haianese Chicken Rice, only chickens raised in Hainan province can genuinely be called as such. The accruements are usually: ginger, vinegar, soy sauce all served along a small portion of rice and chicken broth.

Hainan grows a great variety of tropical fruits. Mango, betel nut, pineapples, durian, jackfruit, mangosteen, lycee are very popular. Hainan is famous throughout China for its coconuts and they are worth trying, especially the red coconuts.

Away from the beach, expect to pay about ¥4-5 for a coconut. Prices increase as you get closer and you may end up paying about ¥15 for a coconut on the beach. Note that fruit price is fluctuating and cheating on its weight is common.

Visit any big and well-established chain supermarkets such as Wan Hao or Nan Guo in the downtown of Sanya along Jiefang Road to check the current market price.

A bit after sunset and well in to the midnight, Sanya city's streets are filled with small barbecue stands, noodle stands, and other snack vendors. There is a well-known seafood supermarket called The No. 1 Agricultural Products Market.

You buy live seafood and then take it around the corner to a crowded street where all the restaurants will cook the seafood for you for a small fee per dish.

It's the most crowded night market in Sanya. You will find a constant assortment of musicians and kids that sell flowers to proposition you while you are eating. It's a great way to save money on eating seafood because there is no markup for the seafood because you purchased the seafood yourself.

It's quite a lively environment with guitarists playing, saxophonists playing, customers singing, beer flowing all night long, garbage trucks to come by to pick up the garbage, and the occasional fight. This street starts dying down around the midnight and the crowds head to bar street.

After Bar Street closes, the crowds head to the night food market located at the 1st Lane of Shangping Road which is close to Jiefang Road. Most foods are at the fixed price but try to negotiate a bit for the seafood barbecue. The food and beer flows until the sun comes up.

Another popular after-hours barbecue place is at Wan Jun Long. Not as popular as Shangping Road, but somewhere different.

Night markets in Dadonghai are less impressive, but local people likely head to Xia Yang Tian for some quick and simple food which is usually cheap.

Coffee The vast majority of coffee shops here open around 10 or 11AM.

Sweetish, Yalong Bay Outlet Mall. Small cafe with good snacks & desserts. reasonable prices. Nice decor.

Aunt Milk Tea, 100 Hexi Lu (Jinrun Mall). 0900-2230. Cheap.

Cafe Bene, International Shopping Mall, Jiefang Lu, same building as Wang Hao and KFC,across the road from #1 Market. 10:00-23:00. Korean franchise cafe, great waffles.

Bud Cafe, Shengshixindi Building, Floor 11, intersection Jixiang Road / Sanyawan Road, Sanya Bay. Relaxed Coffee shop with a variety of coffee drinks and some food (didn't try the food), Reggae music etc. Nice balcony with great view. Good internet connection, good to hang out and surf.

Coffee World - Pizza Corner, Located on the 1st floor of the Herton Hotel opposite Intime Resort Dadonghai. 10:30-2300. The restaurant delivers to customers within a 5 mile radius of Dadonghai Beach. English is spoken. Moderate price.

The Day, Tuanjie Street. 1330-22:30.

Mann Coffee, 136 Yuya Lu, Dadong Hai,Inside Big Pineapple Mall. 10am-11:30pm. Nice atmosphere, coffee so-so, good date place.

M-Floral Cafe Sanya, Yuya Lu, Times Coast Bar Street,Bar Street.

Starbucks, Dadonghai, Jinrun Plaza, Phoenix Domestic Airport Departure lounge & Yalong Bay. 8:30-22:30. The most recognized international coffee brand in the world has opened in three locations.

LAN 43, (20 Tuanjie Lu, Sanya). Beers, imported and on tap, great coffee.

Alcohol - Times Coast Bar Street

This is where all the hottest clubs in Sanya are, it's one big circle with about 10-11 clubs. The big three first tier clubs with all the tourists are Soho, MJ, and 88. The rest of the clubs are second tier clubs that have mostly locals and are less expensive.

To get there, jump in a cab and say "Jiu Ba Jie". The most popular local brew is Anchor, Singaporean but produced in Hainan. Ask for the 'red label' or 'old' brew, which is the original. It is very hoppy and can be a great escape from Yanjing or Qingdao beer.

Those are available, of course, as well. There are also local pineapple-based beers. Odd, but worth a try. Red coconuts are especially sweet, even if you just pop a straw straight into the coconut.

Allen Club, Next to MJ, second floor. 3am. second tier club

Beer Factory, Intercontinental Hotel. They have their own brewery with German beer. You can see all the big canisters and pipes where the beer is brewed and served to you. There's outdoor and indoor seating. Indoor seating has a live band from the Philippines.

If you come here on Wednesdays, all the beer is half price. ¥36, ¥50, ¥80 for small, medium, big draft beer.

Dolphin, close 2am. This is the foreigner hangout in Sanya. Live band and western food. You will find mostly Russians sitting outside and a mix of people sitting inside. More description of this bar in the restaurant section.

Golden Club, Around the corner from Allen Club. close 2am. This is a KTV Hostess club. You have to get a room that has a minimum charge of more than ¥1000. Then you pay for girls to drink with you. The girls charge ¥500 tip. ¥1000+ for a room.

Gold Baidu next to Golden Club. close 2am. Second tier club on the ground level around the corner from Allen Story.

8090 Bar next to Gold Baidu. close 2am. Second tier club, they have KTV rooms on the second floor, and a lounge section on the 3rd floor.

123 Bar,Before you reach MJ walking from Soho, there is an alleyway, First bar in the alleyway. close 2am. second tier club, but full of people always. mostly locals.

Wang Jiao, Exit Soho and make a left, walk past rainbow and Eadry Hotel. close 2am. second tier club, mostly locals, have KTV rooms on the second floor ¥100 dozen beers.

No. 88 Bar, exit Soho make a left and keep on walking until you see it. close 3am. Franchise club, always packed and they have balcony levels for more private partying. Russians who live in Sanya can apply for a free drink card. ¥180 6 beers.

CC, Next to 88. close 2am. They have an outdoor patio lounge on the 3rd floor. :The second floor is a regular KTV.

MJ BAR, exit Soho, make a right, walk half a block. close 3am. This is the club with the most foreigners. The bar counter is a Russian hangout. ¥180 6 beers.

Rainbow Bar & Grill, Exit Soho, make a left, first bar you see. close 2am. They have both and indoors and outdoors section. The outdoors section is more popular. They have a pool table and a live band. Indoors, they have a foosball table. The burgers here are pretty good.

Soho Bar, First bar you will see on Bar Street, across the bridge from Pizza Hut. close 3am. The most popular bar for mainland tourists. More attractive people here than other bars. ¥180 for 6 beers.

Take, exit MJ, make a left, go into alley and it's the first bar on the right. close 2am. new bar with a live band. long bar counter stocked with alcohol and girls.

Casamia Italian Restaurant, Sanya Wan Road # 88 Down lingji ling Road til the T junction. Turn right and about 300 meters on the right first floor. Green, white and red sign CASA MIA. A really upscale restauraut with excellent service with authentic Italian dishes.

Prices are fair, the presentation is good as is the taste, as is the quality of food. Clean and well run. Recommended for western foods that will delight the palate. All wines and beer served. English speaking staff. Italian owner who is the Maitre D aided by his Chinese wife.

Sanya Surf Circus, In the middle of Da Dong Beach. close 2am. They rent surfboards during the daytime and they have 4 kittens behind the bar. If you are looking to adopt a kitten, go ask them, they only want to keep one. Almost every Saturday or Friday, they have a beach party.

During these parties, you will see ALL the foreigners in Sanya. About 25 percent of the crowd will be Russian, another 25 percent black, and the rest a mix of Americans, Europeans, and Chinese. Run by some Italian guys. They send a mass text message out the day before there's a party.

Happy Buddha, Gang Wu Ju, Go to Gang Wu Ju and look for Happy Buddha. close 2am. They have a big lounge area, but this bar is a high bar, most people come here to go to the private KTV rooms on the second floor to do their preferred drug of choice.

Rings Lounge. close 2am. They have two floors. On the second floor you can sing karaoke where all the customers can hear and see you - not a common thing in China. They also sell Pizza. This is a relatively new bar and they don't have a lot of customers yet.

They do have one problem though - because residents live upstairs, they have to turn down the music after 11pm. ¥100 6 beers.

Sanya 8 o'clock KTV, Gang Wu Ju Across the street from Happy Buddha. close midnight. Really ghetto KTV and lounge where the locals hang out. Sound system is not good either. But if you want to hang out with locals, this is it. ¥10 a beer.

Yang Guang Di Dai, 4th Floor Across the street from McDonald's, In the building that says New York Studio or something like that, take the elevator to the 4th floor. close 2am. This is where all the Gay and Lesbian people in Sanya hang out.

You will find the men in one corner and all the women in another corner. Most of the women have short hair. They sell Anchor beer. There is a wireless microphone and you can sing karaoke. You can pick the songs yourself from the computer. If you are a good looking male, you will get hit on. ¥120 12 beers.

Underground Hip Hop Club, basement. all night. By day this is a Hip Hop Dance Studio, by night it's an underground private Hip Hop Club. Many professional dancers from the clubs come here after the bars close. It's got mirrors on the walls so you can watch yourself dance.

They have a DJ Booth. Once a month they have a huge party here. To get in, you would need to know someone who can bring you or just wander in and knock on the door to see if they are friendly.

Mos Blues. at the Mandarin Oriental Resort.

Terrace Bar, Level 2 Park Hyatt Sanya Sunny Bay. Midday to 11pm. Spectacular views, worth the drive to Sunny Bay for the stunning setting. A very sophisticated bar, great selection of whiskies, wines and champagne, not for those on a tight budget.

Left Bank Coffee Bar, Guang Ming Lu #8 near the roundabout to the entrance to Phoenix Island.

In Time. Hostess Club ¥1000+ for room and alcohol. ¥500 for DJ,¥300 for Prince and Princess, ¥500 for girl.

Ke Bao KTV. close 2am. local ktv place. tips for girls ¥100-¥300

Jia Li Lai KTV, 148 Jie Fang Road, 2nd Floor of the hotel. close 2am. ¥100-¥300 tip for the girls ¥250+ for small room including drinks.

Xun Mi, Across from Phoenix Island, 2nd Floor. close 2am. They have live music on the second floor, and a quieter section on the rooftop level.

In Sanya city and Dadonghai there are many small, clean moderately priced inns and hotels,¥50-100, even in high season, for 1-3 beds. Some may be located in alley ways just off Sanya's beach street, sometimes several floors up without an elevator but the view is worth it.

Blue Sky Hostel, 1 Lanhai Alley, Haiyun Road,Take bus 4 to Xia Ri Bai Huo, walk down Haiyun Road and into the alley. One of the oldest hostels in Dadonghai area. The staff is friendly and some can speak English. The hostel can organize trips to all over Hainan.

It has internet access, towels, laundry service, mats and hats for the beach. Scooters and motorcycles can be hired. Dorm Y50, Double from Y160.

Sanya TianYa International Youth Hostel, No.7 Nanqi Lane, fourth Lane, Yucun Road, Dadonghai Sanya, Hainan China, You can take shuttle bus the cost RMB15 or Bus No.8 ,to Dadonghaithe cost RMB5 from Phoenix Airport and get off from Lulinglukou when you get off there you can catch Taxi to our hostel ,it only cost RMB8.

Set in a series of residential streets eight minutes away from Dadonghai Beach, This new arrival boasts four floors of clean,sparkling rooms. Beds are luxuriously soft-a rarity in china-and conduce to a good night's sleep. Bathrooms, including the shared toilets and showers are spotless and cleaned every day.

All double and twins room Ensuite. Staff are friendly and helpful. but most importantly open to suggestions for improvement. Include laundry, free WIFI, travel information and a picturesque eartyard plans are in place to renovate the common area.

Provided are a cafe including western breakfasts to guests. Dorm Y40, Double from Y120.

Donghai Holiday Rooms, Room 803, Unit 1, Building 3, Haiyun Yuan, 66 Yuya Road (Yuya Lu),Sanya. A friendly family run business of serviced rooms and apartments, clean, within a few minutes walking distance of beach, restaurants etc., wi-fi available, some suites have kitchens.

Rooms from 94rmb to VIP Queen for 240rmb.

Sanya Backpackers Hostel, No.1 Type 1 Villa Lu Ming Community Haihua Road, Dadonghai Sanya, Hainan China 572021,Take bus 8 from Phoenix Airport to Dadonghai Bay alight at Luling Lukou bus stop junction Yuya Road and Haihua Road.. checkin: 14:00; checkout: 12:00.

It's located on a private back street/alley and has it's own outdoor bar with pooltable. The hostel is incredibly clean - perhaps too clean. The rooms lack character infact look more like hospital wards. The bar closes at 11:30, but it's really a nice vibe. Good place overall. Dorm Y50, Private room from Y200.

Sanya Lama Temple Hostel, 7 Dazhenling alley Take a bus to Luhuitou square, head up the road onto the hill next to the duty free store. Small and quiet hostel about 10 minutes walk from Dadonghai beach. Clean, friendly and dorms far cheaper than anywhere in Dadonghai proper.

There is no temple here, the name comes from its affiliation with Beijing's Lama Temple hostel. Dorms Y25-30, rooms from Y130.

Four Points by Sheraton Resort Sanya Bay, 78 Sanya Bay Road, Sanya Bay. Basic accommodation/entry level Starwood property in Sanya.

Holiday Inn Hotels, 2 locations: Sanya Bay & Yalong Bay.

Guoxi Hotel. Basic hotel rooms with standard amenities. Rooms start at ¥418.

Tianze Beach Resort Sanya, Binhai Road, Sanya Bay. The hotel is right along Sanya Bay, surrounded by shoreline and a stretch of coconut palm trees. Best rates on official website start at ¥448+″.

Sanya Royal Garden Resort, Luling Road, Da Dong Hai Beach, Sanya, Hainan, China. 239 air-conditioned rooms, all of which have mini-bar, color TV, DVD/ CD player, and high-speed Internet access. Standard amenities include outdoor swimming pool, sauna, and health/fitness center and massage service. Best rates on official website start at CNY 388+.

Crowne Plaza Sanya, No. 3 Yuya Lu, Sanya, 572000. Central location, mid range hotel. Close to Dadonghai and No1 Market

Barry Boutique Hotel Sanya, No.16 Haiyun Road, Dadonghai Resort Sanya, Hainan 572000 China. checkin: 14:00; checkout: 12:00. Offering an outdoor pool, children's playground and sun terrace, Barry Boutique Hotel Sanya is set in Sanya in the Hainan Region. 36 km from Nanshan Temple. Guests can enjoy the on-site bar. CNY 300-1200.

Anantara Sanya.

Conrad Hilton Haitang Bay.

Intercontinental Sanya Haitang Bay.

Mandarin Oriental Sanya. 5 star resort.

Park Hyatt Sanya Sunny Bay Resort. Private Bay 5 Star resort

Raffles Hainan.

Ritz Carlton Sanya.

The Royal Begonia,A Luxury Collection Resort.

The St Regis Sanya Yalong Bay Resort.

As a newly developed tourist destination, Sanya exists solely for tourism which is accompanied by annoyances including pick pocketeting and overcharging.

Before arrival, travelers should be wary of getting the right address and most up to date telephone number for their hostels/hotels. Some hostels are located in a new district whose roads have just been laid out.

Not many people, including the police, know where specific locations are in new districts. When you get lost, always ask drivers to call the staff.

Para-sailing, diving, snorkeling and boating are popular but operators may not be trained or certified. If you go for diving, always check air tank pressures before. Some travelers have reported that they received half-empty scuba tanks and found it difficult to inhale smoothly.

Sanya has a lot of local tour packages. Some tours to outlying islands may look cheap, but once you arrive on the spot, operators may charge you extra money for using their equipment. Masks, snorkels and fishing rods can be shabby and expensive to rent.

Other tours are shopping traps, complete with ridiculous commissions for the tour guide. Before you join any tour, ask specifically what is included in the fee, beach chair, drinks, boat, fishing rod, snorkel, mask, transportation, admission fees, return transportation, etc, and what is not shopping.

Thanks to a heavy crackdown on gangsters, Sanya has become much safer than in the early 2000s. While violent crimes against tourists are rare in Sanya, be wary of pick pocketing, bicycle theft and bag snatching.

There are occasional reports of professional drivers zooming alongside a tourist and grabbing their bag. Pickpocketing is common on buses. You should avoid bringing any valuables to the beach as theft is occasionally reported.

Note that lockers on the beach, along their showers and beach chairs, are not free. They will charge Y20 to Y50, or more, per use.

Sanya is also notorious for overcharging. Scams in seafood restaurants were heavily reported in the Chinese media. To avoid very unpleasant sticker shock, make sure you know the price of what you are ordering.

That being said, as a tourist area, everything sold close to the beach will be 30%-100% more expensive than in downtown Sanya due to high rents and the law of supply and demand lots of tourists, limited prime real estate for restaurants.

Furthermore, market prices anywhere in Sanya are slightly higher than Haikou due to the cost of transportation. For seafood lovers who just traveled from inexpensive Haikou, do not expect to pay Y10 for 4 scallops or 6 oysters.

Traffic rules apparently do not exist. Cars and motorcycles drive on both sides of the road and careen down sidewalks as if they had right of way. Irritating honking is ever-present, even when driving on sidewalks.

Tourists should not trust the green traffic light and zebra crossings, because changing lights sometimes encourage drivers to speed up. As elsewhere, do not trust drivers to avoid you; you should always avoid them.

Cars will only stop at red lights. Bikes will only stop at red traffic lights if they are managed by police, otherwise you will watch them zip and weave though all directions of oncoming traffic.

The road dividers on main arterial roads are not there to stop people from running across; they are in place to stop cars from going down the wrong side of the road. Watch a road without these installed and you will see this in practice.

The tap water, even in nice hotels, should not be considered safe to drink as the tap water in Sanya is generally not potable. Bring or buy bottled water if you plan to be outside of your accommodations for long periods of time.

If you have access to a kettle in your hotel room or rented apartment, boiled water is fine to drink.

Hainan is considered an active malaria and dengue fever region. Note that while there are pills to prevent malaria, there is no way to grow antibodies against dengue fever. If you plan to visit tropical forest zones, bring your own strong mosquito repellent and coil incense.

While most tourists visit Hainan for the increasingly vibrant city of Sanya, the island is large and has many other more remote locations to see.

The eastern coast, between Sanya and Haikou is home to Shimei Bay and Riyuewan, the former which hosts the large and very secluded-feeling Le Meridien, and the latter which has become a popular spot for surfers on a budget. The cheaper hotel is Y480 a night, so not super budget.

Take the slow non-express bus to Haikou from the bus station and ask to be dropped off at the respective highway turnoff,Y30, 90min, pay on the bus. Make sure you show them your ticket first or they will take you to another town where a taxi ride back 5 KM they charge Y100.

To get back, walk up to the highway and flag down a bus. Note that express buses won't stop to pick you up. A taxi to either location will cost around Y300.

Tourism Observer

USA: Margaritaville Hotel And Restaurant Franchise Goes To New York

A joint venture between Soho Properties, MHP Real Estate Services and Flintlock Construction Services is set on reviving their original plans to redevelop a Times Square site into a hotel.

The three developers are now in talks to bring the Margaritaville hotel and restaurant franchise to New York.

Sources familiar with the plans say the Related Companies joint venture group is set to pay $180 million in construction loans by the end of the year to begin constructing the site at 560 Seventh Avenue.

The JV would not be an equity partner for the project if the plans work out.

Last year, Related raised $2 billion to fund commercial real estate debt through its subsidiary Related Fund Management.

These sources did not state the exact size of the potential hotel.

However, it would be an approximately 120,000 square-foot property with 29 stories and 243 guestrooms, like the Dream Hotel previously planned for the site.

The Margaritaville brand has attempted to jump into the New York market before.

In 2016, the owners of the Brill Building tried their hand at negotiating the lease of a building planned for developing a Margaritaville property.

However, those negotiations fell through before the office building in Midtown fell into foreclosure in early 2017.

The chain currently operates hotel resorts in Florida, Mississippi, Tennessee, Louisiana and the Cayman Islands.

In a $62.3-million transaction, Soho Properties and MHP bought the former building of the Parsons School of Design at the New School in 2014.

In 2015, the developers added $9.2 million worth of air rights to the purchase.

However, they defaulted on the mortgage from Colony Capital in early 2017. The property has not been foreclosed yet.

Tourism Observer

ASIA PACIFIC: IHG To Open Five Hotel Brands In Asia Pacific By 2021

Kimpton Resort Sanya,Haitang Bay Opening 2021
InterContinental Hotels Group has announced plans to debut two hotel brands in China and Asia Pacific.

The company's goal is to attract new sectors of consumers—specifically the wealthy and the wellness enthusiasts.

As urbanization moves out further, you're seeing these markets have incredible demand for hotels across the entire chain scale from luxury down to mainstream, Keith Barr, CEO of IHG, said

IHG will launch its luxury Kimpton Hotels and Restaurants brand and health and wellness Even Hotels brand in region.

The change in management and redevelopment of these hotels are set for completion by 2021.

Kimpton's first Asian destinations are Shanghai, Sanya in China's Hainan Province and Bali, Indonesia.

IHG's 50-villa Kimpton Bali will be developed in partnership with Ownco on the Nusa Dua coast.

Gita Wirjawan, chairman, Ownco said as a travel destination, Bali has experienced continued tourism growth from all over the world, with more than a 20-percent increase in visitors this year alone.

Meanwhile, Even Hotels will break ground in China. Barr added that Even Hotels fits right into the sweet spot of China's new policy focus on health, wellness, tourism and resorts.

The group has also signed an InterContinental, Holiday Inn and Hotel Indigo for the Asia Pacific region.

The InterContinental and Holiday Inn brands are set to enter Vietnam's market with the InterContinental Sapa Resort and Holiday Inn Resort Sapa, which will be complete by 2021 and developed by Alphanam Investment Joint Stock.

The InterContinental will be developed with 200 villas and guestrooms near Vietnam's paddy fields.

Holiday Inn Resort Spa will have 275 guestrooms. Vietnam will also get its first Hotel Indigo in 2021.

Developed with existing owners MIK Group, Hotel Indigo Phu Quoc Starbay will be constructed along Dai Beach in the Starbay precinct.

IHG's portfolio currently has 42 resorts in operation across Africa, the Middle East and Asia, which account for 15 percent of the total portfolio.

A further 25 resorts are currently in development.

Tourism Observer

Wednesday 29 November 2017

TANZANIA: Zanzibari Cuisine, Pork And Alcohol Are Taboo In Swahili Culture

WaSwahili or people of the coast refers to an ethnic and cultural group of people, like Kazija and Bahati, who reside in the Great African Lakes Districts, the language KiSwahili is a national language of Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo and is spoken across several more regions too.

With its roots in the Bantu language, KiSwahili took shape with the arrival of the Arab traders from around the 2nd century AD.

By the 11th century AD Swahili culture was defined, along with the rise of Islam.

The Swahilis adhere to the Muslim faith and it’s entrenched in all aspects of life from architecture to dress code – woman wear modest but colourful patterned kangas with headscarves in matching materials, music, art and of course, food.

Consequently, pork and alcohol are taboo in Swahili culture.

Swahili cuisine reflects in some way or the other, the long history of conquest and occupation along the east coast by the mighty seafaring nations of the time – the Portuguese, the Arabs and the British.

Arabic and Indian influence, the latter from immigrants and traders who arrived on the coast, bear the strongest influence on Swahili food, though on the whole, food of the East coast of Africa is sometimes referred to as bland.

This certainly isn’t the case in Zanzibar, where Swahili culture is dominant. Once famed as the spice island, Zanzibari cookery contains dishes flavoured with cloves, ginger, pepper, some chilli and fresh coconut.

While the spice plantations cultivated by the Arabs are largely defunct today, apart from a handful used in the tourism industry, these were once invaluable in the spice trade route and at a time, around 1812, even overtook Indonesia’s production when Zanzibar became the largest clove producer.

Ginger, black pepper, lemongrass and cinnamon were also introduced by the Arabs and after the demise of the slave trade the spice plantations buoyed the island economically, for a while.

Coffee is referred to kahawa, reflective of its Arabic roots: gahwa, similarly flavoured, is often served with dates in Arabic culture.

Dates are reserved for the fast during Ramadan and being imported, are too expensive for everyday consumption along the Swahili coast.

Kashata is enjoyed with coffee instead. From the Hindu and Muslim Indians, a great many foods have made their way into Swahili daily life.

Take kachoris, chapatis – though these are made with oil not ghee usually, sambusas (samosas), pilau rice and briyani beef or chicken and boiled eggs, and mild curries and stews using fresh coconut milk.
Chinese Fish, chicken, goat and beef feature, though vegetables form the staple of most meals. The Goans, Yemenis, Chinese and Parsis have all made small indents in the food scene too.


Made in the African Great Lakes region and across southern Africa, ugali is a staple food made from maize meal, millet or sorghum flour, salt and hot water. It resembles a thick dough. It can also be made into a thinner consistency porridge with the addition of water or milk.

Nyama Choma

This refers to seasoned roasted meat on the barbeque or grill. Chicken, mutton, goat and beef are popular.


A delicately spiced rice using cardamom, cumin seeds, cinnamon and cloves. Briyani with chicken, beef or goat is also popular and used as celebration or special occasion meals.


A thick triangular or circular pastry with Indian origins, filled with spiced potato, peas and other fillings, and deep-fried – a popular street snack.


Deep-fried triangular doughnuts served with milk and sugar.

Wali wa nazi

Rice cooked with fresh coconut milk and sometimes grated coconut flesh.

Mchuzi wa Samaki

Fish cooked in a delicate curry sauce or gravy with coconut.


Vitumbua is a breakfast dish in Tanzania you usually have it with a good cup of Chai or Tea in Kiswahili, while its still warm. Back home there are street vendors whom we call Mama Ntilie or mama chai were people would buy them straight from her pan.

Ingredients: makes approx 30 small vitumbua.

1 cups finely ground rice flour

4 tablespoons plain flour

1 packet of coconut milk powder

1 egg white

1/2 cup warm water

1 teaspoon yeast

1/4 cup sugar (You can add upto 1/2 cup, like mine less sweet)

1 teaspoon ground cardamom seeds

oil for frying and some people use vegetable ghee.


Mix rice flour, plain flour, sugar, yeast, cardamom and the coconut powder then add the water slowly to form a thick paste.You may need to add less or more water.

Cover and keep in a warm area oven with the lamp on, for approx 45-60 minutes you see bubbles on the top and has atleast doubled in size. Some chefs advice to leave it overnight.

Give the batter a stirring.

Heat the pan, place a drop of oil in each pan, pour a teaspoonful of batter so that the pan is 3/4 full. Cook for 2-3 minutes until it browns,flip the vitumbua.

Cook the other side and repeat until all the batter is finished.

Kaimatti or Qaimatti


3 cups white flour

2 teaspoons yeast with a pinch of sugar ( mixed )

2/3 cup yogurt

1/2 cup warm water water

oil for frying


Add to flour a little salt, water and the yogurt, and mix to a thick batter. Leave aside for six (6) hours.

Mix the yeast with the sugar and warm water, leave to ferment.

Add the yeast to the batter and mix until batter peaks; leave aside for a further three hours.

Method of Frying:

Heat the oil. Shape batter into little balls, and put them a few at a time in the hot deep oil and fry until golden brown.

Dumplings should be entirely covered with oil during frying.

Take great care as the oil will splash during the course of frying. When frying is complete soak the dumplings in syrup and serve hot.

The Syrup or Shira


2 cups sugar

1 cup water

1 tablespoon rose water

juice of half a lemon


Put the water in a pan with the sugar and place over a medium heat; bring to boil and allow to boil for ten minutes, removing the froth as it appears.

Add the lemon juice and leave to simmer for ten minutes; add the rose water

Mkate wa Sinia or Swahili Rice Bread

Mkate wa sinia is a swahili word means bread of the platter.

This is a rice bread/cake that is normally used as a snack or kitafunio - something you eat whilst drinking tea, either in the morning or 4 pm in the evening in Tanzania.

It is also widely known in all the Swahili speaking countries in East Africa, such as Kenya, Somalia, Ethiopia etc etc

Mahitaji or Ingredients:

Unga wa mchele (rice flour 2 cups)

Sukari (sugar 3/4 cup)

Hamira (Dried yeast 3/4 tbsp)

Hiliki (Cardamon powder 1 tsp) (I put about 3 tsp of it, my mom doesn't approve but it's ok)

Ute wa yai (1 egg white)

Tui la nazi (coconut milk 1 na 1/2 cup)

Mafuta (vegetable oil to grease pan)


In a large bowl, in the following order, mix rice flour, sugar, yeast, cardamom. Mix well

Add coconut milk, then egg white and mix well, cover with paper towel

Let rise for 30-45 min

Preheat oven to 375*F, pour in a baking pan

Bake for 35 min, insert a toothpick to check (just a lil bit should stick, almost nothing)

Let cool, for a long time.

Cut, and enjoy with Chai Maziwa (Milk Tea, or black tea)


Kashata is a street food from Tanzania. It is sold by street vendors on under the street lights. This very simple and cheap snack is not only sweet but can keep you pretty full.

The recipe mainly has coconuts, peanuts, and different kinds of nuts.

The basic Kashata only has one type of nut in it. Most people use whatever type of nut they can cheaply afford.



Sugar - 2 cups

Water - 3/4 cups

Peanuts - 2 cups (Peeled, Roasted and crushed/blended)

Cardamom - 1/2 teaspoon

Milk Powder - 2 teaspoon


Add in the sugar and the water until it boils and gets sticky. Mix in the peanuts, the milk powder and cardamom with the sugar mixture.

Stir carefully on low heat, make sure it does not burn until it gets really sticky and thoroughly mixed.

Get a square tray and lightly grease it or you can line it with waxed paper.

Pour the mixture gently onto the tray and spread it over the tray.

Let rest for a few minutes. Cut into squares or diamonds while still warm. Let cool and serve. ENJOY!



3/4 cup / 55g grated or desiccated coconut

1/2 cup / 55g peanuts, roasted and coarsely chopped or you can buy already chopped peanuts

1/3 cup / 55g sugar

1/2 tsp cinnamon

Method:1. Sprinkle the sugar on to a frying pan and cook it over a low heat, stirring, until it melts and begins to brown.

2. Add in the coconut, peanuts and cinnamon. Mix well.

3. When the sugar begins to set, remove the pan from the heat.

To test for setting, put a drop of water into the pan when the sugar is beginning to turn golden brown.

When the drop sets into a hard ball, remove the pan from the heat.

4. As the mixture cools, remove from the pan while it is still soft. Shape into walnut-sized balls and leave to cool.


Ukwaju means tamarind in swahili and this sauce is great. It can be eaten with pretty much anything..and it's super easy
it's like a Swahili Smoothie.


Tamarind - 2 packets

Hot water - 11/2 cup

Salt - pinch

Sugar - 2 tablespoons

Whole green/red chilli - 1-2 depending on how hot you want it to be

Cilantro - A few sprigs


Soak tamarinds in the hot water for 10-20 minutes till tamarind is soft.

Remove the seeds and the roots.

Using a blender, mix the tamarind water, salt, sugar, whole chilli, cilantro and blend properly.

Pour your mixture into a bowl, ready to serve.

Vibibi or Tanzanian Rice Pancakes

As you can notice, there is a commonality of rice dishes in Tanzania.

Rice can pretty much be used as a main meal with stew, dessert, snack, rice can be used to make breakfast, lunch, dinner, etc etc, the limit is the sky.

Normally, you serve them with hot chai or tea


Rice - 2 Cups (soaked overnight)

Flour - 1 tablespoon

Sugar - 1 Cup

Yeast - 1 teaspoons

Cardamom - 1 teaspoon

Coconut milk - 1.5 Cups



Blend the rice and the Coconut milk until smooth.

Dissolve the yeast in 1/2 cup warm water. Add a pinch of sugar and set aside, until yeast mixture foams.

Add the yeast, flour, cardamom in the mixture and mix it all up. Cover in a warm place to let it rise.

When the batter has doubled in size, add the sugar and mix well.

Make sure your batter is not too thick, if it is just add a little milk.

Heat up your griddle or skillet, and spread about 1 tablespoon of oil.

When hot, pour some of the batter into the griddle or skillet and spread to form a circle just like the way you would make pancakes.

When golden brown on the bottom and flip it carefully.

Repeat the process, adding more oil when necessary.

Chilla yumm


Mchele 2 Vikombe

Tui la nazi 2 Vikombe

Sukari 1 Kikombe

Maziwa ½ Kikombe

Hamira 1 Kijiko cha chai


Cooking time: 8 min This is a really popular snack all over East Africa


2 cups (400 g) Granulated sugar

2 cups (180 g) Unsweetened dried coconut flakes

½ cup (119 mL) Coconut milk

⅔ cup (158 mL) Milk

3 Tbsp (36 g) All-purpose flour


1.Melt sugar on a medium-heat pan. Make sure it doesn't burn but still liquid

2.Add coconut, half the butter and cook

3.Add flour and remaining butter cook well

4. Let cool and shape into balls

Bhajia za Dengu

Yumm.. this is a fantastic snack!!!... very simple and fun


Unga wa dengu (gram flour 1/4 kilo)

Kitunguu kilichokatwa (2 Onions)

Hoho (1/2 green pepper )

Pilipili iliokatwakatwa (scotch bonnet pepper 1/2)

Barking powder (1/4 tsp)

Chumvi (salt)

Kitunguu swaum (2 garlic cloves)

Mafuta ya kukaangia (vegetable oil)Procedure

Binzari manjano (turmeric 1/4 tsp

Mix flour, tumeric, baking powder add water, and the rest of ingredients, mix well..PLEASE don’t make the batter too watery.

Let rise for 20 min.

Heat oil and start frying

Get the oil at the right temperature. If the oil is too hot, it will quickly cook the outside and leave the inside raw.

If it is not hot enough, the bajiyas will sink and they will absorb too much oil.

Zanzibari cuisine reflects several heterogeneous influences, as a consequence of the multi-cultural and multi-ethnic nature of Zanzibar's and Swahili heritage. It is a mixture of various culinary traditions, including Bantu, Arab, Portuguese, Indian, British and even Chinese cuisine.

The first inhabitants of Zanzibar were Bantus coming from mainland Tanganyika. They consisted of mostly fishers and their diet thus consisted of primarily seafood, such as tuna, mackerel, lobster, squid, octopus and oysters.

Other ingredients and recipes brought by Bantus that are found in today's Zanzibari cuisine some of which became widespread during European colonialism are common beans, sweet potatoes, manioc chips, yam and plaintain.

In the 9th century, Omanis, Yemenis and Persians began colonizing the Swahili Coast, including the Zanzibar Archipelago.

They brought along with them new dishes and ingredients, most notably spices, coconut, mango, citrus and rice.

One of the most common Zanzibar recipes, the pilau or pilaf rice i.e., rice, coconuts, nuts and spices, clearly reflects its Arab origin.

Between the 15th century and the 16th century, the Portuguese quickly conquered most of the African Great Lakes, including Zanzibar.

The main Portuguese influences on Zanzibari cuisine was the introduction of those that would become major types of staple food in Zanzibar, namely manioc, maize and pineapple.

In 1651, the Portuguese lost control of Zanzibar to the Omani sultanate.

The Omanis brought new spices and intensified the commercial relationships between Zanzibar and India; as a consequence, Indian recipes such as chutney, masala, biryani, curry, fish cakes and samoosa (samosa) made it to Zanzibar.

Most recipes of foreign origin were adapted to the ingredients that were available on the island, thus giving birth to a largely original fusion cuisine.

Around the beginning of the 20th century, most of the African Great Lakes region was colonised by the Germans and the British.

Those did not mix with the local population as much as the Arabs, Persians and Indians had done, and their influence on Zanzibari cuisine is less evident; yet, some very common Zanzibari recipes, such as pepper steak, can be generically defined as having a European origin.

After independence, Tanzania established a strong relationship with China; Chinese physicians, engineers, and military consultants came to Zanzibar.

Although only a small fraction of today's Zanzibari population has Chinese origins, some recipes and ingredients, such as soy sauce, have become commonplace on the island.

Sorpotel is a recipe of Portuguese-Indian (Goan) origin, consisting of a mixture of boiled meat; in Zanzibar, this includes tongue, heart and liver. It is cooked with masala a mix of spices similar to curry, as well as tamarind and vinegar.

The spice cake is the most typical dessert in Zanzibari cuisine. It is made of a pastry with a mix of cinnamon, clove, nutmeg and chocolate.

Boku-boku is a sort of skew of meat cooked in maize, ginger, cumin, chili, tomato and onion.

Bread prepared with hazelnuts and dates, as well as eggs and vanilla, is the most traditional food to celebrate the end of Ramadan.

Pilau meat is usually prepared with goose,sometimes calf or cow meat cooked with potatoes, onions, spices, coconut milk and rice.

Pepper shark, Shark is one of the most traditional types of Zanzibari seafood; it is prepared with pepper and other spices.

Pweza wa nazi meaning octopus and coconut in Swahili is octopus boiled in coconut milk, curry, cinnamon, cardamom, garlic and lime juice.

Tourism Observer